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18-20, 2011, and replace the original Guidelines for Psychotherapy with Lesbian, Gay and Bisexual Clients adopted by the Council, Feb. Each of the 21 new guidelines provide an update of the psychological literature supporting them, include a section on "Rationale" and "Application," and expand upon the original guidelines to provide assistance to psychologists in areas such as religion and spirituality, the differentiation of gender identity and sexual orientation, socioeconomic and workplace issues, and the use and dissemination of research on LGB issues.

The guidelines are intended to inform the practice of psychologists and to provide information for the education and training of psychologists regarding LGB issues.

In addition, the quality of the data sets of studies has improved significantly with advent of population-based research.

Furthermore, the past decade has seen a revival of interest and activities on the part of political advocacy groups in attempting to re-pathologize homosexuality (Haldeman, 2002, 2004).

Guidelines grounded in methodologically sound research, the APA Ethics Code, and existing APA policy are vital to informing professional practice with lesbian, gay, and bisexual clients.

These guidelines have been used nationally and internationally in practice and training and to inform public policy.

refers to the attitudes, feelings, and behaviors that a given culture associates with a person’s biological sex.

Supporting literature for these guidelines is consistent with the APA Ethics Code (APA, 2002b) and other APA policy.The following links go to the page that includes the particular section, guideline or accompanying document: Introduction Attitudes Toward Homosexuality and Bisexuality Guideline 1.Psychologists strive to understand the effects of stigma (i.e., prejudice, discrimination, and violence) and its various contextual manifestations in the lives of lesbian, gay, and bisexual people. Psychologists understand that lesbian, gay, and bisexual orientations are not mental illnesses. Psychologists understand that same-sex attractions, feelings, and behavior are normal variants of human sexuality and that efforts to change sexual orientation have not been shown to be effective or safe. Psychologists are encouraged to recognize how their attitudes and knowledge about lesbian, gay, and bisexual issues may be relevant to assessment and treatment and seek consultation or make appropriate referrals when indicated. Psychologists strive to recognize the unique experiences of bisexual individuals. Psychologists strive to distinguish issues of sexual orientation from those of gender identity when working with lesbian, gay, and bisexual clients. Psychologists strive to be knowledgeable about and respect the importance of lesbian, gay, and bisexual relationships. Psychologists strive to understand the experiences and challenges faced by lesbian, gay, and bisexual parents. Psychologists recognize that the families of lesbian, gay, and bisexual people may include people who are not legally or biologically related. Psychologists strive to understand the ways in which a person's lesbian, gay, or bisexual orientation may have an impact on his or her family of origin and the relationship with that family of origin. Psychologists strive to recognize the challenges related to multiple and often conflicting norms, values, and beliefs faced by lesbian, gay, and bisexual members of racial and ethnic minority groups. Psychologists are encouraged to consider the influences of religion and spirituality in the lives of lesbian, gay, and bisexual persons. Psychologists strive to recognize cohort and age differences among lesbian, gay, and bisexual individuals. Psychologists strive to understand the unique problems and risks that exist for lesbian, gay, and bisexual youth. Psychologists are encouraged to recognize the particular challenges that lesbian, gay, and bisexual individuals with physical, sensory, and cognitive-emotional disabilities experience. Psychologists strive to understand the impact of HIV/AIDS on the lives of lesbian, gay, and bisexual individuals and communities. Psychologists are encouraged to consider the impact of socioeconomic status on the psychological well being of lesbian, gay, and bisexual clients. Psychologists strive to understand the unique workplace issues that exist for lesbian, gay, and bisexual individuals. Psychologists strive to include lesbian, gay, and bisexual issues in professional education and training. Psychologists are encouraged to increase their knowledge and understanding of homosexuality and bisexuality through continuing education, training, supervision, and consultation. In the use and dissemination of research on sexual orientation and related issues, psychologists strive to represent results fully and accurately and to be mindful of the potential misuse or misrepresentation of research findings.Practice guidelines are consistent with current APA policy.It is also important to note that practice guidelines are superseded by federal and state law and must be consistent with the current APA Ethical Principles of Psychologists and Code of Conduct (APA, 2002b).

Supporting literature for these guidelines is consistent with the APA Ethics Code (APA, 2002b) and other APA policy.The following links go to the page that includes the particular section, guideline or accompanying document: Introduction Attitudes Toward Homosexuality and Bisexuality Guideline 1.Psychologists strive to understand the effects of stigma (i.e., prejudice, discrimination, and violence) and its various contextual manifestations in the lives of lesbian, gay, and bisexual people. Psychologists understand that lesbian, gay, and bisexual orientations are not mental illnesses. Psychologists understand that same-sex attractions, feelings, and behavior are normal variants of human sexuality and that efforts to change sexual orientation have not been shown to be effective or safe. Psychologists are encouraged to recognize how their attitudes and knowledge about lesbian, gay, and bisexual issues may be relevant to assessment and treatment and seek consultation or make appropriate referrals when indicated. Psychologists strive to recognize the unique experiences of bisexual individuals. Psychologists strive to distinguish issues of sexual orientation from those of gender identity when working with lesbian, gay, and bisexual clients. Psychologists strive to be knowledgeable about and respect the importance of lesbian, gay, and bisexual relationships. Psychologists strive to understand the experiences and challenges faced by lesbian, gay, and bisexual parents. Psychologists recognize that the families of lesbian, gay, and bisexual people may include people who are not legally or biologically related. Psychologists strive to understand the ways in which a person's lesbian, gay, or bisexual orientation may have an impact on his or her family of origin and the relationship with that family of origin. Psychologists strive to recognize the challenges related to multiple and often conflicting norms, values, and beliefs faced by lesbian, gay, and bisexual members of racial and ethnic minority groups. Psychologists are encouraged to consider the influences of religion and spirituality in the lives of lesbian, gay, and bisexual persons. Psychologists strive to recognize cohort and age differences among lesbian, gay, and bisexual individuals. Psychologists strive to understand the unique problems and risks that exist for lesbian, gay, and bisexual youth. Psychologists are encouraged to recognize the particular challenges that lesbian, gay, and bisexual individuals with physical, sensory, and cognitive-emotional disabilities experience. Psychologists strive to understand the impact of HIV/AIDS on the lives of lesbian, gay, and bisexual individuals and communities. Psychologists are encouraged to consider the impact of socioeconomic status on the psychological well being of lesbian, gay, and bisexual clients. Psychologists strive to understand the unique workplace issues that exist for lesbian, gay, and bisexual individuals. Psychologists strive to include lesbian, gay, and bisexual issues in professional education and training. Psychologists are encouraged to increase their knowledge and understanding of homosexuality and bisexuality through continuing education, training, supervision, and consultation. In the use and dissemination of research on sexual orientation and related issues, psychologists strive to represent results fully and accurately and to be mindful of the potential misuse or misrepresentation of research findings.Practice guidelines are consistent with current APA policy.It is also important to note that practice guidelines are superseded by federal and state law and must be consistent with the current APA Ethical Principles of Psychologists and Code of Conduct (APA, 2002b).A revision of the guidelines is warranted at this point in time because there have been many changes in the field of lesbian, gay, and bisexual psychology.